Koninklijke Marechaussee
Royal Netherlands Marechaussee (RNLM)
Royal Military and Border Police

The Royal Military and Border Police falls under the Ministry of Defence, but performs most of its policing tasks under the responsibility of other ministries, principally Justice and the Interior. It is divided into six districts in the Netherlands. It also operates abroad, protecting embassies and other buildings and accompanying Dutch service personnel on peace missions. The Royal Netherlands Marechaussee (RNLM, constabulary force) does not have its own Service doctrine. For its operations abroad, during exercises and on missions, the RLNM refers to the doctrine of the RNLA, the RNLAF and the RNLN.

The Royal Military and Border Police is a police force operating in both military and civilian spheres. It serves as the police force for the Navy, Army and Air Force, and also performs police and security tasks at Dutch airports, where it combats drug smuggling together with the fiscal investigation services. In addition, it is sometimes deployed to help civilian police forces maintain public order (for instance in riot squads) and to investigate offences. It is responsible for guarding members of the Royal House and the Prime Minister's official residence, and escorts armoured transports for De Nederlandsche Bank (the Dutch central bank).

When the Schengen Agreement came into force in 1994, border controls disappeared between ten countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. The Royal Military and Border Police therefore no longer checks the identities of persons crossing the country's eastern and southern borders, but it does conduct mobile checks on highways crossing the national borders and on international trains.

Its other main task is to check the identity of persons entering the Netherlands from outside the Schengen area at the country's airports and seaports (except Rotterdam). Arising from this task, the Royal Military and Border Police is also responsible for dealing with asylum seekers on arrival and for deporting undesirable aliens.

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